A Germ's Journey: A Read4Health Lesson Plan

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Content Area(s):  
Grade Level(s):  
Grade Level Expectations:  
Comprehensive Health and Physical Education › First Grade › Demonstrate health enhancing behaviors to prevent unintentional injury or illness
Reading, Writing, and Communicating › First Grade › Implement the writing process successfully to plan, revise, and edit written work
Lesson Plan Details
2 class periods
Essential Question: 

How can the spread of germs be prevented?

What health behaviors do you have that help prevent you from getting a cold?

Why do we use conventions?

Learning Objectives/Student Outcomes: 

Students will understand:

  • people's behaviors when sick can help prevent the spread of germs that cause the common cold.
  • reading and writing purposes change depending on context and communication intent.

Students will know:

  • germ prevention procedures. 
  • the process of producing a piece of writing.

Students will be able to:

  • explain how germs are spread.
  • with guidance, produce a piece of informative/explanatory text.
Key Topics: 

Writing to inform or explain

Germ prevention



Prior to instruction, the teacher needs to have given sufficient instruction to allow for students to produce a piece of information/explanatory text; or needs to provide adequate scaffolding to allow students to practice and see success.

The teacher needs to obtain "A Germ's Journey", by M.D.,Thom Rooke and access the information about germ prevention provided on the referenced websites.

The teacher may choose to sign up to receive free instructional materials at www.sneezesafe.com to be used to supplement instruction - otherwise, instructional materials and information can be found again at the referenced websites.

The teacher should determine how the finished pieces of writing will be completed (written by hand, digitally etc.) and should make appropriate preparations as such.

Learning Experiences and Activities: 

In this lesson, the teacher will give instruction and student support in the process of writing an informational/explanatory piece of writing.

The teacher will give instruction in the entire writing process, to include drafting, revising and editing and final copy; and will allow for opportunities for the students to practice these skills.

The teacher will give instruction on germ prevention and how to prevent the spread of germs and will engage students in adequate discussion and practice for these concepts to be internalized. (Many of the referenced websites include activities that can be used for this purpose).

Read the book "A Germ's Journey", by M.D., Thom Rooke as a resource to guide planning for the writing of an informational/explanatory piece of writing.

The school nurse or other health care professional is also a good source of information and would make a great guest speaker.

The students will be asked to produce a piece of writing that explains why the prevention of the spread of germs is important as well as describe the procedures one can follow to help with this. 

The students will be asked to participate in editing and revising tasks with assistance and will ultimately be producing a final piece of writing.



Formal assessment can be done using participation in the writing process as well as the final copy of the writing piece as well as accuracy and thoroughness of the information that is included. 


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Colorado 21st Century Skills
Critical Thinking and Reasoning: 
C. Collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions
Information Literacy: 
D. Process data and report results
B. Create original works as a means of personal or group expression
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